United Arab Emirate’s Air Quality Index

Country
United Arab Emirates
Sustainable development goals
  • Climate action
  • Good health and well-being
  • Life below water
Project link
http://uae-air-quality-index-fcsa.hub.arcgis.com/

About the project

Khalifa University of Science and Technology, in collaboration with The UAE’s Ministry of Climate Change and Environment (MOCCAE) created a tool to monitor and predict the UAE’s air quality on MOCCAE’s app.

More project information

Khalifa University of Science and Technology, in collaboration with The UAE’s Ministry of Climate Change and Environment (MOCCAE) created a tool to monitor and predict the UAE’s air quality on MOCCAE’s app. The index displays real-time readings of the satellite-monitored Air Quality Index (AQI) across the UAE. It also uses data collected from 41 air quality monitoring stations spread throughout the country. The collected data is then used to feed the artificial intelligence-powered MOCCAE app which forecasts the AQI status for up to three days in advance, in addition to predicting the concentration of dust and particulate matters with a diameter of less than 2.5 microns. The calculated forecasts are also used to inform long-term decisions making and strategies for the government to tackle air pollution.

The AQI calculations are based on the measurements of five main pollutants Nitrogen dioxide NO2 , Carbon monoxide CO, Ground ozone O3 , Sulphur dioxide SO2 , and particulate matter with of diameter less than 10 micron. Air quality data requires a lot of analysis that can be complicated to understand, but as ambient air quality is something that can affect our health, the information should be known by the public, thus an air quality index has been developed to provide an easy to understand index through color coding the levels of air quality.

The government guidelines explain that the daily AQI values starts from 0 to +500, representing diminishing air quality as the index increase, which means higher air pollution concentrations which could result in greater threat to health, the more impaired value indicates better air quality. Also, the AQI values can increase due to the rise in emissions or from a lack of dilution of air pollutants, stagnant air, temperature inversion and low wind speeds which let air pollution remain in local areas leading to higher pollutant concentrations allowing for hazy conditions. The air quality index is based on the concentration of SO2 , NO2 , O3 , CO and PM10 over set periods of time. Health effects corresponding to the given categories of colors are established through epidemiological resections may vary from time to time while further research is established.

The UAE AQI’s use of artificial intelligence helps the country and its citizen to monitor, predict and counteract the effects of pollution, sandstorms, and climate change in general, thus contributing to smarter policies for the city and its inhabitants. Thus, the UAE AQI contributes to multiple SDGs relating to the quality of air and the environment, namely, the SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-Being), SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 15 (Life on Land).